Another factor is interesting for hackers: the smartphone market is very unstable, each manufacturer of mobile devices releases several devices a year in order to keep up with competitors. This very short time to market also implies a minimized design, almost no updates are offered for devices and their OS, which allows developing common attacks. There are also many errors (no testing steps). In addition, the high market value of these devices leads to very high theft rates. Cybercriminals have also developed a new form of spam based on SMS service or phishing for premium numbers.
In the periodic table of elements (see Appendix), you see that our smallest GSM contains a number of chemical elements. Some of them are still in the wild, while others are quite rare. These are especially metals that become rare. The European Union even considers some metals to be “critical” in the sense that their supplies could be compromised in the near future. Not because stocks are limited, but because they are concentrated in some countries that may limit their exports.
Hard reset. The GSM / smartphone with the various functions that it offers has become the dominant feature in the daily life of many of us. For some, life without a mobile phone is even completely unthinkable. In 2011, more than 1.5 billion mobile phones were sold worldwide. In Europe, 95% of young people have a mobile phone or smartphone. The average duration of use of the device is one and a half years. For young people, on average, even about 1 year. GSM is then resold, provided or left in the box as a backup device. Good news. This step gives you a complete action, unlike the previous steps. You can discover the social, environmental, and economic “baggage” of the device. With this information in mind, you have the opportunity to make an informed choice as a consumer. For example, when buying a new device, consider the manufacturer’s vision for strength.
If you are tired of your mobile phone or smartphone, why not think about others and give your device a second life? You can, for example, give it to a friend and at the same time make it happy, sell it on the Internet or in a used goods store or leave it at a collection point so that it is ready for reuse. Reuse is a great option: we produce less waste and we need fewer new devices. Reuse of GSM is preferable if, of course, everything is done correctly. Sometimes things do not go as planned, and used devices are sent to developing countries for reuse. Once in place, half of them are down and are responsible for a large amount of electronic waste. It is clear that the European Union prohibits this type of transport. To combat this illegal transport, it is important to take an inventory of the various waste streams and thus work with registered waste collection agencies. In some countries, especially India, the used goods market is a real success.
This guide has given you a better understanding of the current life cycle of a mobile phone or smartphone and the problems that may arise during this cycle. However, we mentioned a few encouraging examples that should lead us to a more sustainable future for mobile phones. Sustainable development Sustainable development means taking into account the limitations of our planet. We cannot go beyond these limits. We must live together and respect each other within these constraints. If you take this into account, you can develop economic activity.
Sustainable GSM economy. A sustainable mobile phone takes into account social and environmental impacts throughout its life cycle. Each phase of this life cycle plays an important role. In the field of environmental protection, it is important that the material chain system is as closed as possible. All stages of this cycle should be environmentally friendly, that is, respect the environment and be implemented as much as possible using renewable energy sources. Finally, transportation between the various steps should be as limited as possible.